Both permanent visas—Skilled Independent (189) and Skilled Nominated (190)—are intended to draw skilled and experienced immigrants who work in a profession on the list of professional occupations. A points-based system is used to rank applicants for the 189 and 190 visas according to criteria such as their credentials, employment history, English language proficiency, and age.
Skilled independent visa (189 visa)
With this visa, invited employees with the necessary skills—including eligible New Zealanders, and suitable Hong Kong or British Nationals (Overseas) passport holders—can live and work permanently anywhere in Australia.
Eligibility for a 189 visa
You would need to be eligible for a Subclass 189 visa.
- Verify that your profession is included on the appropriate Skilled Occupation List.
- Pass the skilled migration points test with a passing score.
- The age range of 18 to 44, inclusive
- Pass the skills test for a job on the list of occupations for skilled independent visas
- Have at least proficient English
- Satisfies the character and fitness requirements
- Submit an EOI and receive an invitation to apply
Skilled Nominated visa (190 visa)
Nominated skilled professionals are able to live and work permanently in Australia with the help of this visa.
Eligibility for a 190 visa
To be eligible for a Subclass 190 visa, applicants must possess the following:
- A profession listed on the related occupations list
- Effective occupation-specific skill assessments
- A minimum of proficient English
- The age range of 18 to 44 years.
Common factors amongst the two visas
They are comparable in that neither requires sponsorship from an employer and that you must compete against other applicants depending on your score. The 189 and 190 visas are similar in certain ways but differ significantly in other others, which we explain below.
1. Sponsorship by a state or territory
The necessity for sponsorship from an Australian State or Territory is the primary distinction between the 189 and 190 visas. Only the 190 visa adds a second need that must be satisfied in order to qualify for the visa—you must be sponsored by an Australian State or Territory. With the 189 visa, you can live and work permanently anywhere in Australia without needing the sponsorship of any state or territory.
2. Lists of occupations
The available skilled occupation lists are another difference between the 189 and 190 visas. You simply need to nominate a job that is on the Medium and Long Term Strategic Skills List because the 189 visa does not need you to get a state or territory nomination (MLTSSL). Contrarily, as your eligibility for the 190 visa depends on the sponsorship of a state or territory, you must confirm that your occupation is included on the list of permitted occupations for that state or territory, as not all nominating states and territories use the same list.
3. Invitational stages
The method and regularity of the invitation rounds for the 189 and 190 visas also vary. The Federal Government typically sends out invitations for the 189 visa once a month for each occupation on the MLTSSL. Invitation rounds for the 189 visa are planned to run every three months, with the most recent round taking place in January 2021 and the following round set for April 2021. This is due to the present economic climate brought on by COVID-19. These are separate from the invitation rounds for the states and territories.
With both subclasses 189 and 190, you must –
- The points calculator reads “65.”
- Be given a request to apply.
- Work in a field that is included on the Skilled Occupation List
- Have a skill evaluation that is appropriate for the job
- Additionally, test results in English will be needed.
If you want to immigrate to Australia as a skilled worker and need expert guidance, ESI is here to help. We provide comprehensive solutions to the candidates and support them throughout the entire process thanks to our extensive experience in the fields of education and migration advice.